Ozone is a gas produced naturally in the earth's stratosphere by UV from the sun (this is atmospheric ozone) as well as during electrical storms closer to the surface of the earth (this is ground-level ozone).
O2 or oxygen molecules split when coming into contact with the UV or lightning. Individual oxygen atoms (O) are the byproduct of this process.
The individual oxygen atoms bond with other unaffected oxygen molecules to form a highly unstable tri-atomic molecule (O3).
This molecule is called ozone from the Greek word "ozein" meaning "to smell".
Yes, Ozone really is that effective! Ozone is approximately 3000 times more effective than chlorine at water purification.
Ozone has been found to kill somewhere around 98% of all pathogenic viruses and harmful bacteria known to man.
Ozone is the most highly oxidative natural element known to man and it reacts with just about anything it comes in contact with. Oxidation is the term given to the process by which something is broken down or changed when coming into contact with oxygen.
O3 gas or ozone can be harmful when present in high doses or concentrations. An ozone generator produces ozone gas in a controlled environment which makes manufactured or generated ozone safe to everyday use.
Every ozone generator has a rating in milligrams or grams per hour and in domestic terms these ratings can range from around 200mg/hr to 3 or 4 g/hr.
The only way that these levels of ozone can be harmful is if the ozone is inhaled directly from the source or tubing delivering the ozone.
Ozone is measured in grams per hour (g/h) and refers specifically to the rated output of the particular unit. Unfortunately the output potential of most ozone generators being sold on the market today are simply not able to produce what they say they are. This is due to one simple issue: oxygen concentration and/or air quality.